Acne is a very common condition that usually begins during adolescence and subsides by the late twenties. Sometimes, however, acne may also begin later in life and last well into middle age. Also occasionally newborns can develop acne, although it usually passes quickly.
Generally, it is teenagers who have the highest prevalence of acne. The years of adolescence are full of change and insecurity, so even a mild skin eruption on the face may seem like a horrible affiction. When acne is present, early and effective therapy will greatly improve the appearance of the skin. Although acne cannot be cured, it can be controlled with the proper skin care and regular use of appropriate medications, and it takes patience and persistence.
A variety of treatments are available to prevent its development and spread of acne and Dr. Berti will individualize your acne treatment plan. Prevention or early treatment of acne tends to be much more effective than trying to rid the skin of pits and scars later.
An actinic keratosis is a growth on the skin that looks and feels like a dry, rough scab that persists without healing. It is usually located in chronically sundamaged areas of the skin such as, the face, hands and chest. These growths are considered precancerous, as there is a ten percent chance over a lifetime that any one of these could transform into a skin cancer. Actinic keratoses can be treated in a dermatologist's office with a variety of procedures or medications, depending on the location and/or severity of the growths.
Eczema is a common skin condition that affects both children and adults. It presents as areas of skin that are dry, itchy and/or inflamed. These patches arise from a variety of predisposing conditions including sensitive skin, allergies in the skin, dry skin, or heredity. There are a number of prescription and over-the-counter medications that a dermatologist can use alone or in combination to control this condition.
A fungal infection can occur in the scalp, skin or nails.
A fungal infection of the nail is also called onychomychosis (ON-i-ko-my-KO-sis). It's caused by an active, live fungus that moves in under the nail.
Thick, discolored, and flaky nails are all symptoms of a nail fungus infection. In time, pain or discomfort from nails can also become a problem. Nail fungus is made up of tiny organisms that can infect fingernails and toenails. These organisms are called dermatophytes. Nail fungus is very common. More than 35 million people in the United States have it under their nails. Typically over-the-counter products do not work because they cannot reach the fungus where it lives under the nail. Your doctor can diagnose whether you have a nail fungus infection and prescribe medicine, if needed.
Hair loss can result from a number of metabolic, hormonal, hereditary or emotional conditions. A comprehensive history and physical exam will guide your dermatologist in investigating the possible causes for this condition.
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Hereditary Hair Loss
The herpes virus is responsible for conditions such as cold sores, sexual transmitted disease, chicken pox, and shingles. These conditions are easily identified by your dermatologist and the appropriate prescription medication is available for treatment.
Melanoma is a type of skin cancer which is completely curable when detected early, but can be fatal if allowed to progress and spread. Melanoma is a cancer of the pigment producing cells in the skin, known as melanocytes. Anyone can get melanoma, but fair skinned sun sensitive people are at greater risk. The best treatment is early detection. An examination from the trained eye of a dermatologist can confirm whether or not a lesion is suspicious for melanoma and whether a biopsy is warranted.
Remember, a "mole" that undergoes a significant change in size, shape, or color, and a "mole" that causes symptoms of itching or burning should be suspected and examined by a dermatologist.
Psoriasis is a condition that results in inflamed patches of skin with thick white scales. The cause is unknown. There are numerous therapeutic options ranging from topical and oral medications to phototherapy and the newest "biologic" therapies. A comprehensive history and physical examination helps your dermatologist determine which therapeutic option is best for you. This office offers phototherapy for psoriasis as well, with the latest technology utilizing UVA and UVB light source.
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Rosacea is an acne-like facial skin disorder affecting a growing number of adults. It generally first appears when people are in their 30s, 40s or 50s as a redness on the cheeks, nose, chin or forehead. Left untreated, the redness becomes more permanent and tiny blood vessels may become visible. Pimples often develop and in advanced cases, especially in men, the nose may become bumpy, red and swollen from excess tissue (rhinophyma). There are various prescription medications available to minimize the redness as well as laser treatment for the facial blushing and veins. The newest treatment available is Laser Genesis (Photofacial) which over the course of approximately 4-6 sessions eliminates the redness and facial blush.
Rosacea Rosacea Facts
There are more skin cancers diagnosed each year than all other types of cancer combined. Basal cell carcinoma is the most common form of skin cancer, affecting about 800,000 Americans each year. Squamous cell carcinoma, the second most common skin cancer after basal cell, afflicts more than 100,000 Americans each year. It arises from the epidermis (upper layer of skin). Chronic exposure to sunlight is the major cause of almost all basal cell carcinomas and squamous cell carcinomas.
Fortunately, both basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma have a better that 95 percent cure rate if detected and treated early. It is important to have any suspicious lesions evaluated by your dermatologist.
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The American Academy of Dermatology